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By: Dr. Sarbast Nabi
In a visit to Kore Kosik camp for Syrian Kurdish refugees last week, the scenery seemed representing a horrible reality, but the willingness of the Kurdistan Region’s residents to support their Syrian peers remains remarkable. Kore Kosik is one of three camps which had been establishmed recently in the suburb of Erbil (the capital of Iraqi Kurdistan). The camp was installed because of the sudden influx of refugees, who are estimated at about twenty-five thousand till the moment of writing this report. Of course the Asayish forces and the Peshmerga of the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) had exerted tremendous efforts housing this huge number of people, providing services and infrastructure, water, electricity, health, and food.
During my visit, the Governor of Erbil Mr Nawzad Hadi was present with delegations inside the camp. Briefly, the government’s care for the refugees was remarkable, let alone the noble humanitarian aid made during the past days by the residents of Erbil, the capital of Iraqi Kurdistan. I felt grateful and satisfacted among the refugees for the sufficient aid they received.
There I met dozens of individuals and families, conversed with them and asked them questions regarding their situation. The preliminary conclusions can be summarized as follows:
- Apparently, the rich class in the Kurdish community from the outset has been able to leave its regions, while the middle class is still relatively stable and enduring the situation. The emigrating class is almost destitute.
- The main reason behind emigration is hunger and deprivation which comes at first. Secondly, the feeling of insecurity was another main reason to be mentioned. Besides, some planned rumors, as seemed to me, to terrorize them, especially in the countryside of Hasakah and Amuda.
- As considerably noticed, some of the migrants were exposed to displacement twice; they are Kurds from Damascus and its suburbs (Mizzah 86, for example) who settled in Derik and its surroundings, and then migrated once again to the Kurdistan Region.
- The majority of migrants are young people between the ages of 16-35 and this makes a serious threat to the future of the Kurdish community and the demography of Western Kurdistan (Syria’s Kurdish region).
- The largest percentage of migrants, as it seemed to me, are from Derik and surroundings, Qamishli and its suburbs, Amuda, and Afrin.
- I found some refugees who complained about the dominance of the Democratic Union Party (PYD) and the behavior of its forces, but they did not declare that this is the only reason which led them to emigrate.
- Another noted reason was the charm of stability in the region of Iraqi Kurdistan, so individual dreams were behind the migration of a significant number of these who had their houses rented then migrated.
- Damascus Kurds, south of Aleppo countryside and south Tirbesipiye/Qahtaniya are the only ones among those who had suffered life-threatening at least once.
- There is a paradox in the graph of the number of migrants; it is known that the danger in the Kurdish areas rises from the east to the west in the Kurdish region in Syria. However, we see huge numbers of Kurds who are from the east and north-east of Syria move towards the Kurdistan Region while it should diminish in the eastern regions. Thus, the result was the opposite i.e. the number of migrants increases as we head east.
These are initial impressions, not a result based on accurate statistics. But the result is really painful and terrifying, which necessitates an urgent and quick action in order to reduce this human bleeding (In reference to emigration). Anyway, I think there is a hidden filthy hand behind the dilemma of our people manipulating its destiny.
We all know that both pain and fear are pushing humans to aversion and leave, while pleasure and security lead them to love and stay. This rule is common in the light of science which explains human behavior, until it becomes a simple axiomatic fact. This is a fact which is even applied to the human community and function of art and politics. Political regimes that ensure human happiness and tranquility are accepted and deserve submission, while those (political regimes) that arouse fear and pain are leading to rebellion and aversion.
In the light of this principle, we can understand the causes of migration that has occurred in the Kurdish areas for years till the moment, it has even increased to seriously threaten the existence of the Kurdish people.
We should look at this case apart from any ideological tendencies or ad valorem, and away from any political intimidation and silly methodizing. There is fear, hunger, pain and anxiety concerning the Kurdish future.
If we are to prevent this disaster, we should uproot these reasons, this is not the responsibility of hungry child or a mother worried about her young children; this is the responsibility of those who claim custody of the Kurdish self-determination and the fate of Western Kurdistan.
This is the responsibility of politicians who have apparently steeped in degrading hypocrisy; this is the responsibility of those who claim to represent the Kurdish Cause. Unfortunately, the Kurdish people have had the most reckless coward political leadership ever in history.
Source: ARA News